Monday, March 16, 2020
Standpoint Theory Paper Essays Standpoint Theory Paper Essay Standpoint Theory Paper Essay Standpoint Theory Paper Racism is defined as the systematic subordination of certain racial groups by those groups in power . As a society, we must first eradicate ignorance in order to defeat racism. We must acknowledge that people have different ways of viewing the world and that even though someone may have a different opinion than you, it is not necessarily wrong. The idea that people have different ways of viewing the world stems from standpoint theory. Standpoint theory is based on the concept that people view the world differently depending on their social standing . A central theme of tandpoint theory is that a persons racial and or ethnic background deeply impacts how they view and interact with the world . Racial location and racial standpoints are both key elements of standpoint theory. A racial location is defined as the racial or ethnic groups to which a person belongs . Everyone has a racial location because everyone identifies with at least one or more races. Having a racial location does not necessarily mean that one has a racial standpoint. A racial standpoint refers to a racial location accompanied by a deep and oppositional understanding that our xperiences are influenced by societal and political climates . The way we behave and the way we think is a product of our environment and is a direct result of our childhood. As we grow up our beliefs and opinions are shaped by our experiences and the example set forth by our parents. My greatest influences on my views of race have been my parents. My parents emigrated from Nigeria to the United States in the early 1980s. My parents have always been open-minded about different races and cultures but they tend to be guarded when interacting with people of Caucasian issent, indicating to me that they have had past negative experiences causing them to react this way. Ann Arbor, MI is very diverse and cultured city. Growing up in Ann Arbor meant that I was exposed to people of different races, lifestyles and creeds. My childhood best friends were of different races then me, one being Polish and the other being Indian. I was a very inquisitive child and would often ask my parents about why people were different. They always took the time to explain different cultures to me. My parents have always taught me to be cautious when I interact with people of Caucasian dissent. They have never expressed any racism towards people of the Caucasian race but have always reminded me to be on my guard and that not everyone I meet has good intentions. I have noticed that this cautiousness has been a recurring theme in the Nigerian community that I am a part of. This message has been relayed to me by aunts, uncles and even my Nigerian friends. The idea that I should have to be cautious around specific races has always bothered me. I know that this mistrust of the Caucasian races isnt completely unfounded. History has shown us that given the opportunity, some people will try and suppress ou. I am of the mind that not everyone is out to suppress me and bring me down. My parents will often tell me that I ignore the racism that is rampant in this country. I understand that racism exists and that there are people who will go out of their way racism everywhere we go. Many instances of racism occur because people are ignorant of other cultures and allow their prejudices to blind them. Living in Ann Arbor means that I interact with people of different races and cultures on a daily basis. Many of my closest friends are from different ethnic groups: my roommate is Caucasian, another friends is Caucasian and my best friends is part Mexican. Whenever I interact with a person from a different race or ethnic group I look at it as an opportunity to learn something about a different culture or way of thinking. Even though I try to look at every interracial/interethnic interaction as a positive one, there have been times where these interactions have turned into negative ones. One of the earliest incidences of ignorance and racism I experienced was in middle school. I remember being in Geography class learning about the continent of Africa, pecifically the country of Niger. We were watching a movie about a boy who lived in a hut and had to herd cattle across a river as a rite of passage. Since everyone in class knew I was Nigerian, everyone in class assume that I had gone through this ritual. They then used this as an opportunity to ask me ridiculous questions like: do you run with lions? Do you swing from tree to tree and do you live in a hut? Naturally I was very upset because this view of Africans that my classmates presented was not what my parents had taught me. Besides, I was born in the United States and grew p there Just like many of my other classmates. The worst part of that situation was that my teacher didnt even correct my classmates. To me, that entire situation is a perfect example of how ignorance leads to racism. Another negative racial experience that I will never forget occurred while I was in my sophomore year of high school. I had gone down to Atlanta to visit my God-family. My God sister Tara, who is also African-American and I drove around town looking for a barbershop so that I could get a haircut. We stopped at a place that appear to be open and proceeded to open the door. As soon as we opened the door, we both sensed that something awkward was about to happen. Before we even had time to cross the threshold everything going on inside the shop came to a grinding halt, it felt like being in a movie scene. Barbers turned off their clippers, people abruptly stopped their conversations and everyone Just stared at us. At this point we understood that we were not welcome and walked right back out. Throughout this entire interaction not a single word was uttered. Orbe, Mark P and Tina M Harris. Interacial Communication: Theory into Practice. 2nd . Losa Angeles: Sage Publications, Inc. , 2008.
Friday, February 28, 2020
Multiculturalism and its Effects in the Global Workplace - Research Paper Example In as much as multiculturalism plays critical roles in the production of better commodities and expands business lines world widely, my document explores its role in expatiates success, the honeymoon of the U curve, and the mastery adjustment of culture. Sources have revealed that multiculturalism has profoundly contributed to a significant improvement in performance for numerous businesses globally. For instance, it has led to more satisfied employees and happier customers. For instance, studies by Behfar have described, diagnosed, prescribed, and acted on multiculturalism in the workplace. Significantly, in his article Ã¢â¬Å"the diverse workplaceÃ¢â¬ Behfar has explained the effects of multiculturalism on expatriatesÃ¢â¬â¢ success. The authors assert Ã¢â¬Å"much of Wal-MartÃ¢â¬â¢s significant growth comes from urban areas, enabling the retailer to expand its humongous workforce, hence capitalizing on local talent and do its best sellÃ¢â¬ (Behfar, 2009). Similarly, numerous scholars have postulated that multiculturalism is an asset to an organization. However, for it to benefit the organization, the managers must view multiculturalism with apprehension. Additionally, scholars have asserted that multiculturalism contributes profoundly to individual performance. Moreover, multiculturalism contributes immensely to overall productivity, as well as, innovation. In contrast, multiculturalism may immensely influence productivity. For instance, an individual attitude that their culture is correct or sensible, and that other cultures are primitive and insensible, may result in ethnocentrism. In response, if ethnocentrism persists in a workplace, the result is intergroup conflicts. Additionally, favoritism, cliquish behavior, and exclusion multiply in such a situation. However, managers can avoid ethnocentrism by encouraging employees to purposely examine their cultural biases, learn about the cultures, and strive to promote openÃ communica tion channels.
Wednesday, February 12, 2020
Pervasive Decision VA9-02166 - Essay Example The use of words like "durable," "effective" or "meaningful" are only helpful when anyone wants to keep only question in mind (Oxman-Martinez et al., 2005), and hence the only test, that can be derived from the definition of Convention Refugee in Section 2 of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act does the claimant now have a well-founded and genuine fear of persecution? After considering all the circumstances, the young Tamil male faced in connection to fetching LTTE information by the Sri Lankan army, paramilitary agencies and the government, the claimant filed a claim of refugee status seeking protection from the mentioned forces of Sri Lanka (LaViolette, 2004). Section 97(1)(b)(ii) of the Immigration and Refugee Protection Act states that the protection is limited to the claimants who face some specific risks that are not faced generally by other people in or from the country and thus, the claimant is not a person in need of protection (Dauvergne, 2003). In this instance, even though the war of September 2006 is over and situation is different in Sri Lanka, that does not favor Refugee Protection Act, so the young Tamil man should receive protection (Kruger, Mulder & Korenic, 2004). The Members of the justice panel must take the new evidences under consideration available from the current year of 2009 where even though the situation is different, the situation of the young Tamil male is no different. Hence, the paramilitary agencies, Sri Lankan army and government officials need to reconsider their belief that the young male belongs to the LTTE group. Amnesty International Report 2010, pp. 301-303 and Item 2.3. United Kingdom (UK). 22 October 2009. Foreign and Commonwealth Office (FCO) and Home Office. Report of Information Gathering Visit to Colombo, Sri Lanka 23-29 August 2009 (PDF, 215 KB). Oxman-Martinez, J., Hanley, J., Lach, L.,
Friday, January 31, 2020
Ethical matter - Essay Example , at times the information given by the client may at some extent pose some actual and potential risks to the client and his immediate family or relatives. Therefore, it is advisable that information discussed during the session should not at any cost lead to a sour relationship between the client and the psychologist. In this particular scenario, the client is a family man with a wife and two little kids. When this family man books an appointment with the psychologist as any other client would do, the psychologist is certain that this is another case of the usual clients, he has been handling. Conversely, when they go down to the discussion, the psychologist realizes that this is a case of an Ã¢â¬Ëunusual clientÃ¢â¬â¢. It emerges that the client problem; that of another woman whom he is dating and probably planning to settle down with happens to be the psychologistÃ¢â¬Ës sister. The issue affects the psychologist, the client, his wife, his kids and the preferred wife who is the psychologistÃ¢â¬â¢s sister. The decision that is expected by the client puts the psychologist in a peculiar position. Needless to mention, even though the psychologist would want to justify the situation of the client leaving his wife and kids for the psychologistÃ¢â¬â¢s sister, he has the fear of letting his sister settle down with the client because she could also experience the same situation that is been experienced by the clientÃ¢â¬â¢s current wife and kids. The ethical rule demands that the psychologist scrutinizes and assess the clientÃ¢â¬â¢s case and gives professional advice that is fair to all the parties concerned without involving his emotions (Banyard 10). The psychologistÃ¢â¬â¢s ethical decision is also reliant on what the culture dictates about marriage and divorce. In case, Ã¢â¬ËtheirÃ¢â¬â¢ culture allows for separation and/or divorce, he may clarify to the client of what is expected of him. He should also expound to him on what the law dictates on separation with the inclusion of children. In
Thursday, January 23, 2020
God and Man in HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s Iliad, VirgilÃ¢â¬â¢s Aeneid, and DanteÃ¢â¬â¢s Inferno The truest of manÃ¢â¬â¢s goals is to create art. Art is a by-product of the gift of man over the animals, creativity. Truly, creativity is a replication of God in man and a very possible interpretation of the Genesis 1:27 phrase Ã¢â¬Å"in his own image,Ã¢â¬ along with othersÃ¢â¬âthe possession of an immortal soul or the ability to speak. And creativityÃ¢â¬â¢s ultimate end product is art. And art more often than not in the history of man has led man to pay homage to his creator. Three of the classic literary artistic works of mankind, HomerÃ¢â¬â¢s Iliad, VirgilÃ¢â¬â¢s Aeneid, and DanteÃ¢â¬â¢s Inferno, featureÃ¢â¬âif not focusÃ¢â¬âon the deity or deities of the respective authors and their relation to the characters of the story in the interaction between the two and the worship practices of the characters. Although religion in general can and does serve simply as background material in a work, in most if not all literary works the inclusion of a divine being as a character is so that he or she can interact with the other, non-divine, characters. A story where Apollo is present but unimportant is not traditional at all (that is to say, it is foreseeably possible, but difficult and therefore not likely, especially in a non-modern work). In the Iliad, Homer presents some of the Greek pantheonÃ¢â¬âZeus, Hera, Apollo, Thetis, et alÃ¢â¬âand their purpose is interaction with the human charactersÃ¢â¬âAchilles, Hector, and othersÃ¢â¬âbut this is expected and obvious to any reader. The notability of the relations is the ease of them. Thetis is the mother of Achilles, she a god, he mortal. Athena is on the side of Achilles, and fools Hector in he and AchillesÃ¢â¬â¢ final battle (Il. 22). But these are common in the world of the Iliad;... ...ity. New York: Columbia UP, 1974. Grayson, Cecil, ed. The World of Dante. London: Oxford, 1982. Homer. The Iliad. Trans. Robert Fagles. The Norton Anthology of World Literature. 6th ed. Vol. 1. Ed. Maynard Mack, Bernard M. W. Knox, John C. McGalliard, P. M. Pasinetti, Howard E. Hugo, Patricia Meyer Spacks, RenÃ © Wellek, Kenneth Douglas, Sarah Lawall. New York: Norton, 1992. 98-208. Jebb, R. C. Homer: An Introduction to the Iliad and the Odyssey. Port Washington, Slatkin, Laura M. The Power of Thetis. Berkeley: U of California P, 1995. Virgil. The Aeneid. Trans. Robert Fitzgerald. The Norton Anthology of World Literature. 6th ed. Vol. 1. Ed. Maynard Mack, Bernard M. W. Knox, John C. McGalliard, P. M. Pasinetti, Howard E. Hugo, Patricia Meyer Spacks, RenÃ © Wellek, Kenneth Douglas, Sarah Lawall. New York: Norton, 1992. 98-208. NY: Kennikat Press, 1969.
Wednesday, January 15, 2020
Discoveries and discovering can offer new understandings and renewed perceptions of ourselves and others. This is evident in Away by Michael Gow which focuses on aspects of discovery including realisations within oneself which can uncover further perceptions of ourselves or others. Gow also includes concepts based on the idea that the recognition that death is inevitable forces people to discover the meaning of life. Emotional turmoil and heartbreak may be a catalyst for discovery and acceptance of a situation and similarly, it must be discovered that healing can occur through love and reconciliation. Realisations within oneself can uncover further perceptions of ourselves or others. During the play Ã¢â¬Å"AwayÃ¢â¬ , Gow portrays Gwen as a distraught woman as she has a meltdown. This is as a result of her obsession with social status, wealth and material possessions which has turned her into a cynical, angry woman. GwenÃ¢â¬â¢s initial realisation occurs when Vic, who saw a lost woman in Gwen, suggests a walk and uses the inclusive pronoun Ã¢â¬Å"us girlsÃ¢â¬ to provide a gentle approach. Walking is used by Gow as a catalyst but also a metaphor for progress and change. The walk up the beach helps Gwen to realise the elements of life are more important than her concerns over wealth and after being unable to take the BEX powder, she is no longer able to find consolation in such simplistic solutions which implies that Gwen has come to the realisation for more sophisticated thinking. The BEX powder is a symbol for GwenÃ¢â¬â¢s attempt to artificially create happiness. Ã¢â¬Å"I want to take it and I canÃ¢â¬â¢tÃ¢â¬ . Gow has expressed the discovery of Gwen as very confronting yet rewarding as these new perceptions of herself lead to new perceptions of her relationship with her family and others. The recognition that death is inevitable forces people to discover the meaning of life. Coral is battling with the loss of her son in the Vietnam War, which also portrays a controversial issue at the same time. CoralÃ¢â¬â¢s detached attitude to life clashes her ironic statements, such as Ã¢â¬Å"arenÃ¢â¬â¢t we lucky to live in such a rich countryÃ¢â¬ and Ã¢â¬Å"there is a price to be paid of courseÃ¢â¬ . The play within a play is a cathartic experience for Coral. Ã¢â¬Å"IÃ¢â¬â¢m walking, IÃ¢â¬â¢m walking, IÃ¢â¬â¢m walkingÃ¢â¬ is shown in a metaphorical and literal sense and symbolises the evident reconciliation with herself and for her sonÃ¢â¬â¢s death. Tom has made a significant impact in CoralÃ¢â¬â¢s life which has caused her to change her perspective and reconcile with Her interaction with TomÃ and the recognition that he will die allows Coral to overcome her intense mourning. Emotional turmoil and heartbreak may be a catalyst for discovery and acceptance of a situation. Harry and Vic are hoping the camping trip will help them overcome the shock of learning that Tom will die. Ã¢â¬Å"A few weeks just with ourselves. Just with you. ItÃ¢â¬â¢ll be good.Ã¢â¬ Tom and his parents have accepted his inevitable death; however, there is still uncomfortableness between them in some situations. Ã¢â¬Å"Harry: when youÃ¢â¬â¢ve got your own family- Tom: do you want a drink or not?Ã¢â¬ In this scene, Gow uses the pause in HarryÃ¢â¬â¢s dialogue to the show the tension which has been created. Their tent symbolises their social status but also their lack of concern for material possessions as they are more focused on improving their relationships and spending time together. This makes them a happier family than the other two presented in the play. It must be discovered that healing can occur through love and reconciliation. Roy has been in conflict with Coral over her Ã¢â¬Å"strangeÃ¢â¬ behaviour as he feels it is affecting his professional standing in the community. After losing a son in the Vietnam War, Roy has been impacted deeply but has, however, moved on whereas Coral is weighed down with a continuing grief which has caused struggle within the relationship. Ã¢â¬Å"Do you want me to arrange shock treatment?Ã¢â¬ Roy is obviously irritated with CoralÃ¢â¬â¢s detached and Ã¢â¬Å"ghostlyÃ¢â¬ behaviour but it is not until Coral discovers reconciliation that she finds her happiness. During the dumb show, there is a visual representation of reconciliation as Roy buries his head in the shells and kisses CoralÃ¢â¬â¢s hands to symbolise the resolution of conflict. Therefore, discoveries and discovering can offer new understandings of renewed perceptions of ourselves and others as shown evidently within Away by Michael Gow. Gow has demonstrated a use of concepts within the play which reflect a theme of discovery as they can offer new understandings of ourselves and others, leading to renewed values and ideas and future possibilities. This is shown within the relationships between characters throughout the play, including Roy and Coral who find reconciliation portrayed in the hat of shells, Harry and Vic who discover and accept the inevitable death of their son and Gwen who, within herself, rediscovers happiness which allows a new perception of her relationship with her family and others.
Tuesday, January 7, 2020
Engaging In Art: Are You Talking To Me Ã¢â¬Å"Savannah Civil Right MuseumÃ¢â¬ Civil Rights have been the long and dreadful fight against desegregation in many places of the world. Throughout its hard fight many people captured the turmoil that they were faced with by painting, some sculpted, and most photographed. Many reason for this art platform to take place was to create a visual symbol of what we know as the resistance time period. Artist wanted to have the feel of empowerment and most of all feeling liberation. Recently I visit the Savannah Civil right Museum to share some of the major history that was capture in the during the 1960Ã¢â¬â¢s time err. The museum was founded by the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) and the Civil Rights Movement. It has recently been rename to The Ralph Mark Gilbert Civil Rights Museum to honor Dr. Ralph Mark Gilbert. Each piece in the museum carryÃ¢â¬â¢s a huge amount of information that explains the history and the time periods of which i t was done. One particular piece that caught my eye was the amazing paint by Jacob Lawrence- Daybreak: A Time to Rest. This art piece is by far one of the best of what I saw at the museum. It tells a story of how Harriet Tubman led many slaves to freedom. Each painting walks you through the time and place of what each movement. The Civil Rights movement touches many lives. To capture the terrific and restless movement of what civil right leaders endure was exceptional. JacobShow MoreRelatedEssay on Law Test Questions5408 Words Ã |Ã 22 Pagesconsumers get better products. Hey, even though what the businesses are doing is kind of cruel, the ultimate outcome is for the goodÃ¢â¬âwhat could be wrong with that? Chris disagrees with James: No way will youll get me to go along with that analysis, James, right is right and wrong is wrong. If a businessman is trying to run a competitor out of business, the intentions are all wrongÃ¢â¬âI dont care about end results. Philosophica lly, what is the best description of the arguments of James and Chris respectivelyRead MoreStephen P. Robbins Timothy A. Judge (2011) Organizational Behaviour 15th Edition New Jersey: Prentice Hall393164 Words Ã |Ã 1573 PagesCredits and acknowledgments borrowed from other sources and reproduced, with permission, in this textbook appear on the appropriate page within text. Copyright Ã © 2013, 2011, 2009, 2007, 2005 by Pearson Education, Inc., publishing as Prentice Hall. All rights reserved. Manufactured in the United States of America. This publication is protected by Copyright, and permission should be obtained from the publisher prior to any prohibited reproduction, storage in a retrieval system, or transmission in any form